Prior to IGC2003, the International Conference on “Multiple integrated use of geothermal resources”, a three day Short Course was held 11-13 September 2003. The Short Course was entitled “International Course on the Sustainable Use and Operating Policy for Geothermal Resources”. It was organized by the UNU-GTP and the Geothermal Association of Iceland in cooperation with the International Summer School on Direct Application of Geothermal Energy in Skopje (Macedonia), and the International Geothermal Association (IGA). Over 60 participants from 18 countries participated, with the lecturers coming from Germany, Iceland, Macedonia, Philippines, Romania, Switzerland, and the USA.
The theme of the Course, “Sustainable Use and Operating Policy for Geothermal Resources”, was chosen with respect to the fact that many countries around the world have already mastered the exploration phase of geothermal development. They have now come to the stage of long-term production, which includes field management, monitoring, control systems, as well as maintenance of wells, surface pipes, and plants. It is very important that the production is sustainable with regard to the reservoir, and continuous with regard to the energy market. Similarly, the integrated use of geothermal resources, in most cases, increases the efficiency in the use of the energy obtained from the wells, as compared with single type use. Integrated use commonly increases the economic and social benefits of a geothermal project, and enhances the positive environmental effects. Many countries are also waking up to the fact that they require specific laws and regulations for geothermal energy development. Without specific laws, the development of geothermal resources may face the complication of falling under several law statutes with contradictory effects, such as water law and mining law.The lectures from the Short Course were published in the book: “Lectures on Sustainable Use and Operating Policy for Geothermal Resources (editors Ingvar B. Fridleifsson and Maria-Victoria Gunnarsson).